Etymology. The country’s name Sudan is a name given to a geographical region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western Africa to eastern Central Africa.The name derives from the Arabic bild as sdn , or “the lands of the Blacks”.. Sudan Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa. The name Sudan derives from the Arabic expression bild al sdn “land of the blacks” , by which me.val Arab geographers referred to the settled African countries that began at the southern edge of the Sahara.. Sudan’s Protesters Call Off Strike and Agree to Resume Talks With Military . Eight days after the military killed dozens of protesters in a brutal crackdown, protest leaders said they were ready .Explore Sudan holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | Wake at the break of day under the golden pyramids of godlike kings of old, traverse a searing desert to the place where two Niles become one, and watch a million blood red fish swarm through gardens of coral..